Mythologically known as Sonitpur, is famous as a city of Assamese culture and popularly called as ‘city of eternal love’. Located in the Northern banks of the river Brahmaputra in the Sonitpur District of Assam, the name Tezpur literally means the “city of blood”. When the battle between Lord Krishna’s army and lord Shiva, his disciple Banasura’s army fought for the rescue of Aniruddha (who was the grandson of Krishna, according to legend) there was so much bloodshed that the place was stained red. This led to the name of the place becoming Tezpur. The Shiva temples in and around Tezpur shows the love and devotions of King Baanasur for Lord Shiva. Tezpur is considered to be the capital of Assamese culture. Being from the core Assamese cultural region, notable residents include Dr Bhupen Hazarika, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903–51), Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha (1909–69), and Phani Sarmah (1909–70), were from Tezpur. Baan Stage was the theatre where they first performed. 180 kms north-east of Guwahati, Tezpur overlooks the beautiful snow peaks of the Himalayas throughout the winter. Several ancient sites such as Bamuni hills, Hazara tank, Da-Parbatia Gate, Mahabhairab temple, Bhairabi temple (Maithan), Graha Doul– an archaeological site situated at Tarajan kumargaon, Agnigarh etc. in and around Tezpur are worth visiting. The Chitralekha Udyan, District Museum, Podum Pukhuri – Central lake with an island in the middle etc. are some of the sites of interest for visitors. Other important tourist spots around Tezpur include Bhalukpung (62 kms), Tipi (75 kms) which are famous for the largest orchid garden in Asia, the Nameri National Park (58 km), the Orang Sanctuary (45 km) etc. The Kaziranga National Park which is the habitat of the great Indian one horned rhinoceros is just 75 kms away from Tezpur.
Tezpur is connected to the rest of the country by road, rail, and air. In 1987 the Kolia Bhomora Setu, over the Brahmaputra, was inaugurated connecting Tezpur to the southern district of Nagaon between NH 15 and NH 37. The bridge in itself has become a tourist attraction. Dekargaon railaway station is the nearest railway station of Tezpur which is about 8 km away from the town. The airport is located at Salonibari, 10 km from the heart of the city connects to very few Indian cities which include state capital Guwahati and Kolkata.